Photonic entanglement with accelerated light

R. C. Souza Pimenta1, G. H. dos Santos1, A. B. Barreto1,2, L. C. Celeri3, and P. H. Souto Ribeiro1

1Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, CEP 88040-900, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
2Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS), $Campus$ Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil
3QPequi Group, Institute of Physics, Federal University of Goiás, 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil

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Abstract

Accelerated light has been demonstrated with laser light and diffraction. Within the diffracting field it is possible to identify a portion that carries most of the beam energy, which propagates in a curved trajectory as it would have been accelerated by a gravitational field for instance. Here, we analyze the effects of this kind of acceleration over the entanglement between twin beams produced in spontaneous parametric down-conversion. Our results show that acceleration does not affect entanglement significantly, under ideal conditions. The optical scheme introduced can be useful in the understanding of processes in the boundary between gravitation and quantum physics.

We performed an experiment to investigate the behavior of quantum correlations or entanglement between two light beams under acceleration. While light doesn't actually accelerate like massive objects, we can induce curved trajectories that mimic acceleration. Our findings indicate that quantum correlations or entanglement is preserved.

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