Security of device-independent quantum key distribution protocols: a review

Ignatius W. Primaatmaja1,2, Koon Tong Goh1, Ernest Y.-Z. Tan3, John T.-F. Khoo1,4, Shouvik Ghorai1, and Charles C.-W. Lim1,2,5

1Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore
2Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, Singapore
3Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Canada
4Department of Computer Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore
5Global Technology Applied Research, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Singapore

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Abstract

Device-independent quantum key distribution (DI-QKD) is often seen as the ultimate key exchange protocol in terms of security, as it can be performed securely with uncharacterised black-box devices. The advent of DI-QKD closes several loopholes and side-channels that plague current QKD systems. While implementing DI-QKD protocols is technically challenging, there have been recent proof-of-principle demonstrations, resulting from the progress made in both theory and experiments. In this review, we will provide an introduction to DI-QKD, an overview of the related experiments performed, and the theory and techniques required to analyse its security. We conclude with an outlook on future DI-QKD research.

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[17] Simón Paiva, Ruben A. Fritz, Sanoj Raj, Yamil J. Colón, and Felipe Herrera, "Giant Generation of Polarization-Entangled Photons in Metal Organic Framework Waveguides", arXiv:2311.17263, (2023).

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[20] Thomas McDermott, Morteza Moradi, Antoni Mikos-Nuszkiewicz, and Magdalena Stobińska, "Eberhard limit for photon-counting Bell tests and its utility in quantum key distribution", arXiv:2211.15033, (2022).

The above citations are from Crossref's cited-by service (last updated successfully 2024-05-24 19:55:38) and SAO/NASA ADS (last updated successfully 2024-05-24 19:55:39). The list may be incomplete as not all publishers provide suitable and complete citation data.