Extraction of autonomous quantum coherences

Artur Slobodeniuk1,2, Tomáš Novotný2, and Radim Filip1

1Department of Optics, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 12, 77146 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, CZ-121 16 Prague, Czech Republic

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Abstract

Quantum coherence is an essential resource to gain advantage over classical physics and technology. Recently, it has been proposed that a low-temperature environment can induce quantum coherence of a spin without an external coherent pump. We address a critical question if such coherence is extractable by a weak coupling to an output system dynamically affecting back the spin-environment coupling. Describing the entire mechanism, we prove that such extraction is generically possible for output spins (also oscillators or fields) and, as well, in a fermionic analogue of such a process. We compare the internal spin coherence and output coherence over temperature and characteristic frequencies. The proposed optimal coherence extraction opens paths for the upcoming experimental tests with atomic and solid-state systems.

Quantum coherence is the essential resource of quantum technology. Its appearance without an external drive, purely from engineered coupling with a cold bath, has been recently proposed and discussed. One of the risky proof-of-principle points that remained was if such coherence is extractable by a simultaneously present coupling to an external system, and a back action from the extraction will not spoil this stimulating effect. We solved that problem for spin-boson and fermion-boson models and showed positively that such autonomous coherence is extractable. It opens further the door to its experimental investigation and stimulates ongoing research to make quantum technology more autonomous.

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