Self-testing of quantum systems: a review

Ivan Šupić1 and Joseph Bowles2

1Département de Physique Appliquée, Université de Genève, 1211 Genève, Switzerland
2ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain

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Abstract

Self-testing is a method to infer the underlying physics of a quantum experiment in a black box scenario. As such it represents the strongest form of certification for quantum systems. In recent years a considerable self-testing literature has developed, leading to progress in related device-independent quantum information protocols and deepening our understanding of quantum correlations. In this work we give a thorough and self-contained introduction and review of self-testing and its application to other areas of quantum information.

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Cited by

[1] Jean-Daniel Bancal, Kai Redeker, Pavel Sekatski, Wenjamin Rosenfeld, and Nicolas Sangouard, "Self-testing with finite statistics enabling the certification of a quantum network link", arXiv:1812.09117.

[2] Nikolai Miklin, Jakub J. Borkała, and Marcin Pawłowski, "Semi-device-independent self-testing of unsharp measurements", Physical Review Research 2 3, 033014 (2020).

[3] Jens Eisert, Dominik Hangleiter, Nathan Walk, Ingo Roth, Damian Markham, Rhea Parekh, Ulysse Chabaud, and Elham Kashefi, "Quantum certification and benchmarking", Nature Reviews Physics 2 7, 382 (2020).

[4] C. Jebarathinam, Jui-Chen Hung, Shin-Liang Chen, and Yeong-Cherng Liang, "Maximal violation of a broad class of Bell inequalities and its implication on self-testing", Physical Review Research 1 3, 033073 (2019).

[5] Huangjun Zhu and Masahito Hayashi, "General framework for verifying pure quantum states in the adversarial scenario", Physical Review A 100 6, 062335 (2019).

[6] David Schmid, Denis Rosset, and Francesco Buscemi, "The type-independent resource theory of local operations and shared randomness", arXiv:1909.04065.

[7] Zihao Li, Yun-Guang Han, and Huangjun Zhu, "Optimal Verification of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger States", Physical Review Applied 13 5, 054002 (2020).

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[9] Armin Tavakoli, Máté Farkas, Denis Rosset, Jean-Daniel Bancal, and Jędrzej Kaniewski, "Mutually unbiased bases and symmetric informationally complete measurements in Bell experiments: Bell inequalities, device-independent certification and applications", arXiv:1912.03225.

[10] Pei Zeng, You Zhou, and Zhenhuan Liu, "Quantum gate verification and its application in property testing", Physical Review Research 2 2, 023306 (2020).

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[12] Kishor Bharti, Maharshi Ray, Antonios Varvitsiotis, Adán Cabello, and Leong-Chuan Kwek, "Local certification of programmable quantum devices of arbitrary high dimensionality", arXiv:1911.09448.

[13] Tony Metger and Thomas Vidick, "Self-testing of a single quantum device under computational assumptions", arXiv:2001.09161.

[14] Llorenç Escolà, John Calsamiglia, and Andreas Winter, "All tight correlation Bell inequalities have quantum violations", Physical Review Research 2 1, 012044 (2020).

[15] Alexey A. Melnikov, Pavel Sekatski, and Nicolas Sangouard, "Setting up experimental Bell test with reinforcement learning", arXiv:2005.01697.

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[17] M. Ho, P. Sekatski, E. Y. -Z. Tan, R. Renner, J. -D. Bancal, and N. Sangouard, "Noisy Preprocessing Facilitates a Photonic Realization of Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution", Physical Review Letters 124 23, 230502 (2020).

[18] Shin-Liang Chen, Huan-Yu Ku, Wenbin Zhou, Jordi Tura, and Yueh-Nan Chen, "Robust self-testing of steerable quantum assemblages and its applications on device-independent quantum certification", arXiv:2002.02823.

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[22] Davide Orsucci, Jean-Daniel Bancal, Nicolas Sangouard, and Pavel Sekatski, "How post-selection affects device-independent claims under the fair sampling assumption", arXiv:1908.11123.

[23] Flavio Baccari, Remigiusz Augusiak, Ivan Šupić, and Antonio Acín, "Device-independent certification of entangled subspaces", arXiv:2003.02285.

[24] Flavien Hirsch and Marcus Huber, "The Schmidt number of a quantum state cannot always be device-independently certified", arXiv:2003.14189.

[25] Ivan Šupić, Daniel Cavalcanti, and Joseph Bowles, "Device-independent certification of tensor products of quantum states using single-copy self-testing protocols", arXiv:1909.12759.

[26] Nikolai Miklin and Michał Oszmaniec, "A universal scheme for robust self-testing in the prepare-and-measure scenario", arXiv:2003.01032.

[27] Yu Cai, Baichu Yu, Pooja Jayachandran, Nicolas Brunner, Valerio Scarani, and Jean-Daniel Bancal, "Entanglement for any definition of two subsystems", arXiv:2006.07165.

[28] Harshank Shrotriya, Kishor Bharti, and Leong-Chuan Kwek, "Self Testing of All Pure Bipartite Entangled States via Quantum Steering", arXiv:2007.04020.

[29] P. Sekatski, J. -D. Bancal, X. Valcarce, E. Y. -Z. Tan, R. Renner, and N. Sangouard, "Device-independent quantum key distribution from generalized CHSH inequalities", arXiv:2009.01784.

[30] Hiroyuki Ozeki and Satoshi Ishizaka, "Quantum limit of genuine tripartite correlations by bipartite extremality", International Journal of Quantum Information 18 4, 2050014 (2020).

[31] Satoshi Ishizaka, "Geometrical self-testing of partially entangled two-qubit states", New Journal of Physics 22 2, 023022 (2020).

[32] Andrea Coladangelo and Jalex Stark, "An inherently infinite-dimensional quantum correlation", Nature Communications 11, 3335 (2020).

[33] Huangjun Zhu, "Minimum uncertainty states in the presence of quantum memory", arXiv:2003.02103.

[34] Shashank Gupta, Debarshi Das, C. Jebarathinam, Arup Roy, Shounak Datta, and A. S. Majumdar, ""All-versus-nothing" proof of tripartite quantum steering and genuine entanglement certification in the two-sided device-independent scenario", arXiv:1910.12666.

[35] Máté Farkas, Nayda Guerrero, Jaime Cariñe, Gustavo Cañas, and Gustavo Lima, "Self-testing mutually unbiased bases in higher dimensions with space-division multiplexing optical fiber technology", arXiv:2006.06784.

[36] Austin K. Daniel and Akimasa Miyake, "Quantum computational advantage with string order parameters of 1D symmetry-protected topological order", arXiv:2007.16160.

[37] Martin Kliesch and Ingo Roth, "Theory of quantum system certification -- a tutorial", arXiv:2010.05925.

[38] Fabian Bernards and Otfried Gühne, "Generalizing optimal Bell inequalities", arXiv:2005.08687.

[39] Maharshi Ray, Naresh Goud Boddu, Kishor Bharti, Leong-Chuan Kwek, and Adán Cabello, "Graph-theoretic approach to dimension witnessing", arXiv:2007.10746.

[40] Tony Metger, Yfke Dulek, Andrea Coladangelo, and Rotem Arnon-Friedman, "Device-independent quantum key distribution from computational assumptions", arXiv:2010.04175.

[41] Sean A. Adamson and Petros Wallden, "Quantum Magic Rectangles: Characterisation and Application to Certified Randomness Expansion", arXiv:2008.02370.

The above citations are from SAO/NASA ADS (last updated successfully 2020-10-19 17:39:45). The list may be incomplete as not all publishers provide suitable and complete citation data.

On Crossref's cited-by service no data on citing works was found (last attempt 2020-10-19 17:39:43).