Quantized refrigerator for an atomic cloud

Wolfgang Niedenzu1, Igor Mazets2,3, Gershon Kurizki4, and Fred Jendrzejewski5

1Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 21a, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology (VCQ), Atominstitut, TU Wien, 1020 Vienna, Austria
3Wolfgang Pauli Institute, Universität Wien, 1090 Vienna, Austria
4Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel
5Heidelberg University, Kirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Im Neuenheimer Feld 227, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany

We propose to implement a quantized thermal machine based on a mixture of two atomic species. One atomic species implements the working medium and the other implements two (cold and hot) baths. We show that such a setup can be employed for the refrigeration of a large bosonic cloud starting above and ending below the condensation threshold. We analyze its operation in a regime conforming to the quantized Otto cycle and discuss the prospects for continuous-cycle operation, addressing the experimental as well as theoretical limitations. Beyond its applicative significance, this setup has a potential for the study of fundamental questions of quantum thermodynamics.

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