Persistent nonlocality in an ultracold-atom environment

Bradley Longstaff and Jonatan Bohr Brask

Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

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We investigate nonlocal quantum correlations arising between multiple two-level impurity atoms coupled to an ultracold bosonic gas. We find that the environment-induced dynamics of the impurity subsystem can generate nonlocal states that are robust against noise and violate a multipartite Bell inequality when projective spin measurements are made. Genuine multipartite nonlocality is also observed in a system of three impurities. We show that non-Markovian effects, and the persistence of coherences in the impurity subsystem, are crucial for preventing complete loss of nonlocality and allow for nonlocal correlations to be generated and maintained for extended periods of time.

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