Quantum repeaters with individual rare-earth ions at telecommunication wavelengths

F. Kimiaee Asadi, N. Lauk, S. Wein, N. Sinclair, C. O'Brien, and C. Simon

Institute for Quantum Science and Technology, and Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

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Abstract

We present a quantum repeater scheme that is based on individual erbium and europium ions. Erbium ions are attractive because they emit photons at telecommunication wavelength, while europium ions offer exceptional spin coherence for long-term storage. Entanglement between distant erbium ions is created by photon detection. The photon emission rate of each erbium ion is enhanced by a microcavity with high Purcell factor, as has recently been demonstrated. Entanglement is then transferred to nearby europium ions for storage. Gate operations between nearby ions are performed using dynamically controlled electric-dipole coupling. These gate operations allow entanglement swapping to be employed in order to extend the distance over which entanglement is distributed. The deterministic character of the gate operations allows improved entanglement distribution rates in comparison to atomic ensemble-based protocols. We also propose an approach that utilizes multiplexing in order to enhance the entanglement distribution rate.

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[24] Stephen C. Wein, Jia-Wei Ji, Yu-Feng Wu, Faezeh Kimiaee Asadi, Roohollah Ghobadi, and Christoph Simon, "Analyzing photon-count heralded entanglement generation between solid-state spin qubits by decomposing the master-equation dynamics", Physical Review A 102 3, 033701 (2020).

[25] A. A. Kalachev, "Quantum Repeaters: Current Developments and Prospects", Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute 50 S12, S1312 (2023).

[26] Amirhossein Alizadehkhaledi, Adriaan L. Frencken, Frank C. J. M. van Veggel, and Reuven Gordon, "Isolating Nanocrystals with an Individual Erbium Emitter: A Route to a Stable Single-Photon Source at 1550 nm Wavelength", Nano Letters 20 2, 1018 (2020).

[27] Jacob P. Covey, Alp Sipahigil, Szilard Szoke, Neil Sinclair, Manuel Endres, and Oskar Painter, "Telecom-Band Quantum Optics with Ytterbium Atoms and Silicon Nanophotonics", Physical Review Applied 11 3, 034044 (2019).

[28] Xu Feng, Liting Lin, Rui Duan, Jianrong Qiu, and Shifeng Zhou, "Transition metal ion activated near-infrared luminescent materials", Progress in Materials Science 129, 100973 (2022).

[29] Tim Coopmans, Sebastiaan Brand, and David Elkouss, "Improved analytical bounds on delivery times of long-distance entanglement", Physical Review A 105 1, 012608 (2022).

[30] Saptarshi Roy, Tamoghna Das, Debmalya Das, Aditi Sen(De), and Ujjwal Sen, "How efficient is transport of quantum cargo through multiple highways?", Annals of Physics 422, 168281 (2020).

The above citations are from Crossref's cited-by service (last updated successfully 2024-04-19 10:07:00) and SAO/NASA ADS (last updated successfully 2024-04-19 10:07:01). The list may be incomplete as not all publishers provide suitable and complete citation data.