Quantum Computing in the NISQ era and beyond

John Preskill

Institute for Quantum Information and Matter and Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA 91125, USA

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Abstract

Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) technology will be available in the near future. Quantum computers with 50-100 qubits may be able to perform tasks which surpass the capabilities of today's classical digital computers, but noise in quantum gates will limit the size of quantum circuits that can be executed reliably. NISQ devices will be useful tools for exploring many-body quantum physics, and may have other useful applications, but the 100-qubit quantum computer will not change the world right away - we should regard it as a significant step toward the more powerful quantum technologies of the future. Quantum technologists should continue to strive for more accurate quantum gates and, eventually, fully fault-tolerant quantum computing.

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[212] Mark Hodson, Brendan Ruck, Hugh Ong, Stefan Dulman, and David Garvin, "Finding the optimal Nash equilibrium in a discrete Rosenthal congestion game using the Quantum Alternating Operator Ansatz", arXiv:2008.09505.

[213] Maiyuren Srikumar, Charles D. Hill, and Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg, "Clustering and enhanced classification using a hybrid quantum autoencoder", arXiv:2107.11988.

[214] Rodrigo S. Sousa, Priscila G. M. dos Santos, Tiago M. L. Veras, Wilson R. de Oliveira, and Adenilton J. da Silva, "Parametric Probabilistic Quantum Memory", arXiv:2001.04798.

[215] Lin Htoo Zaw, Yuanzheng Paul Tan, Long Hoang Nguyen, Rangga P. Budoyo, Kun Hee Park, Zhi Yang Koh, Alessandro Landra, Christoph Hufnagel, Yung Szen Yap, Teck Seng Koh, and Rainer Dumke, "Ghost Factors in Gauss Sum Factorization with Transmon Qubits", arXiv:2104.11368.

[216] Evandro Chagas Ribeiro da Rosa and Rafael de Santiago, "Classical and Quantum Data Interaction in Programming Languages: A Runtime Architecture", arXiv:2006.00131.

[217] H. W. L. Naus and H. Polinder, "Bell inequality violation on small NISQ computers", arXiv:2006.13794.

[218] Casey Duckering, Jonathan M. Baker, Andrew Litteken, and Frederic T. Chong, "Orchestrated Trios: Compiling for Efficient Communication in Quantum Programs with 3-Qubit Gates", arXiv:2102.08451.

[219] Qihao Guo, Yuan-Yuan Zhao, Markus Grassl, Xinfang Nie, Guo-Yong Xiang, Tao Xin, Zhang-Qi Yin, and Bei Zeng, "Testing a quantum error-correcting code on various platforms", Science Bulletin 66 1, 29 (2021).

[220] Poulami Das, Swamit Tannu, and Moinuddin Qureshi, "JigSaw: Boosting Fidelity of NISQ Programs via Measurement Subsetting", arXiv:2109.05314.

[221] Sam McArdle, "Learning from Physics Experiments with Quantum Computers: Applications in Muon Spectroscopy", PRX Quantum 2 2, 020349 (2021).

[222] Mahmoud Mahdian and H. Davoodi Yeganeh, "Incoherent quantum algorithm dynamics of an open system with near-term devices", Quantum Information Processing 19 9, 285 (2020).

[223] Bill Poirier, "Efficient Evaluation of Exponential and Gaussian Functions on a Quantum Computer", arXiv:2110.05653.

[224] Tongyang Li, Chunhao Wang, Shouvanik Chakrabarti, and Xiaodi Wu, "Sublinear classical and quantum algorithms for general matrix games", arXiv:2012.06519.

[225] Scott Aaronson, "Open Problems Related to Quantum Query Complexity", arXiv:2109.06917.

[226] Muhammad Ahsan, "Quantum Circuit Engineering for Correcting Coherent Noise", arXiv:2109.03533.

[227] Ariel Shlosberg, Andrew J. Jena, Priyanka Mukhopadhyay, Jan F. Haase, Felix Leditzky, and Luca Dellantonio, "Adaptive estimation of quantum observables", arXiv:2110.15339.

[228] David Fitzek, Toheed Ghandriz, Leo Laine, Mats Granath, and Anton Frisk Kockum, "Applying quantum approximate optimization to the heterogeneous vehicle routing problem", arXiv:2110.06799.

[229] Philipp Schleich, Jakob S. Kottmann, and Alán Aspuru-Guzik, "Improving the Accuracy of the Variational Quantum Eigensolver for Molecular Systems by the Explicitly-Correlated Perturbative [2]$_\text{R12}$-Correction", arXiv:2110.06812.

[230] ChunJun Cao, "From Quantum Codes to Gravity: A Journey of Gravitizing Quantum Mechanics", arXiv:2112.00199.

[231] Benjamin A. Cordier, Nicolas P. D. Sawaya, Gian G. Guerreschi, and Shannon K. McWeeney, "Biology and medicine in the landscape of quantum advantages", arXiv:2112.00760.

The above citations are from SAO/NASA ADS (last updated successfully 2021-12-08 21:40:19). The list may be incomplete as not all publishers provide suitable and complete citation data.

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