Quantum Computing in the NISQ era and beyond

John Preskill

Institute for Quantum Information and Matter and Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA 91125, USA

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Abstract

Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) technology will be available in the near future. Quantum computers with 50-100 qubits may be able to perform tasks which surpass the capabilities of today's classical digital computers, but noise in quantum gates will limit the size of quantum circuits that can be executed reliably. NISQ devices will be useful tools for exploring many-body quantum physics, and may have other useful applications, but the 100-qubit quantum computer will not change the world right away - we should regard it as a significant step toward the more powerful quantum technologies of the future. Quantum technologists should continue to strive for more accurate quantum gates and, eventually, fully fault-tolerant quantum computing.

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[212] Peter Nimbe, Benjamin Asubam Weyori, and Adebayo Felix Adekoya, "Models in quantum computing: a systematic review", Quantum Information Processing 20 2, 80 (2021).

[213] Minsung Kim, Davide Venturelli, and Kyle Jamieson, "Towards Hybrid Classical-Quantum Computation Structures in Wirelessly-Networked Systems", arXiv:2010.00682.

[214] Rafael I. Nepomechie, "Bethe ansatz on a quantum computer?", arXiv:2010.01609.

[215] Weijie Du, James P. Vary, Xingbo Zhao, and Wei Zuo, "Ab initio nuclear structure via quantum adiabatic algorithm", arXiv:2105.08910.

[216] Youle Wang, Guangxi Li, and Xin Wang, "A Hybrid Quantum-Classical Hamiltonian Learning Algorithm", arXiv:2103.01061.

[217] Ian MacCormack, Conor Delaney, Alexey Galda, Nidhi Aggarwal, and Prineha Narang, "Branching Quantum Convolutional Neural Networks", arXiv:2012.14439.

[218] Bhupesh Bishnoi, "Quantum Computation", arXiv:2006.02799.

[219] Tanvi P. Gujarati, Tyler Takeshita, Andreas Hintennach, and Eunseok Lee, "A Heuristic Quantum-Classical Algorithm for Modeling Substitutionally Disordered Binary Crystalline Materials", arXiv:2004.00957.

The above citations are from SAO/NASA ADS (last updated successfully 2021-06-16 04:37:06). The list may be incomplete as not all publishers provide suitable and complete citation data.

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